GaM Vortrag: Lavenia, Faith on the Battlefield, 23.10.2019, Uni Wien
Die ÖGE18 möchte nochmals auf den in Kooperation mit GaM organisierten Vortrag von Vincenzo Lavenia (Bologna) zu
Faith on the Battlefield. Chaplains, Soldiers and Religion in Early Modern Europe(The talk will be followed by a moderated discussion with Chiara Petrolini about the current state of historical research in Italy.)
am 23. Oktober 2019 hinweisen. Der Vortrag wird gemeinsam von Chiara Petrolini und unserem Obmann Thomas Wallnig moderiert.
Ort: Universität Wien, Institut für Geschichte, Universitätsring 1, 1010 Wien, Hörsaal 30
Zeit: Mittwoch, 18.30 s.t. – 20.00 Uhr
The intervention will investigate the relations between Neo-Stoicism and the model of soldier developed in the military catechisms which were invented after Reformation, during the Wars of religions, also as an answer to Erasmus’ irenism, Machiavelli’s realism, and the challenge of the Ottoman empire. After bringing out how the concepts of just and holy war had been revised over the centuries, it will show that in the 16th century the discussion concerning the legitimacy of conflicts became a matter of conscience. Increasingly, thinking about how to behave during a war became more and more important, at the expense of the questions concerning the ius ad bellum. This was also possible thanks to the development of fixed military chaplaincies, like those that set up by the Society of Jesus in Flanders. The Eighty Years’ War was a turning point in the relationship between soldiers and clergy: here, a permanent chaplaincy for the pastoral care of the Spanish tercios was established for the first time. Since then, on both the Catholic and the Protestant sides, dozens of books and pamphlets were printed to motivate the combatants in the service of faith to discipline the armies’ behaviour. In this genre of texts moral casuistry, catechism, and military penal law converged in shaping a project aimed to reform the conscience of soldiers after the ‘military’ revolution and the division of Western Christianity, up until the age of nationalism and the 20th century world wars.
Vincenzo Lavenia is associate professor at the University of Bologna. He was also enseignant chercheur invité at the EPHE in Paris. His interests include: war and religion, moral theology, history of justice. Among his publications: (co-dir.), Dizionario storico dell’Inquisizione, 4 vols., 2010; Dio in uniforme. Cappellani, catechesi cattolica e soldati in età moderna, 2017; (co-ed.), Fruits of Migration: Heterodox Italian Migrants and Central European Culture 1550-1620, 2018.